Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to optimise the surface roughness in conventional turning operation using Taguchi Method for the material medium carbon steel EN8. In this work cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut are taken as performance parameters to achieve better surface roughness. Taguchi Method is used to obtained the main parametric effect on the surface roughness using there levels and factors. L9 orthogonal array is used to design the experiments. Also analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out with the significance factor of 95%. After the experimentation, it was found that cutting speed has more influenced on the surface roughness in conventional turning process than feed rate and depth of cut.
Keywords: Taguchi method, Optimisation, Surface roughness, EN8.