Abstract: This study proposed to optimize the conditions for furfural synthesis from sunflower husk by acid hydrolysis which has become a seasonal source of air pollution. In this route we had taken the different weight percentage from 1wt% to 35 wt% of hydrochloric acid. Sunflower husk characterization was done by using moisture contain and ash contain analysis and separation of furfural is done with the help of distillation. Product was characterized by volumetric process such as bromine- bromide excess method. Identification of furfural was done by using FTIR analysis. Furfural and its derivations are intended chemicals due to several possible applications.
Keywords: Acid hydrolysis, sunflower hulls, furfural, FTIR.