Abstract: Capillary tubes are used as expansion device in low capacity refrigeration machines like domestic refrigerators and window type air conditioners. The advantages of the capillary tube over other expansion devices are simple, inexpensive and cause compressor to start at low torque as the pressure across the capillary tube equalize during the off-cycle. The ?ow characteristics of refrigerants through capillary tubes have been studied extensively in past six decades, both experimentally and analytically, most of these studies mainly focused on straight capillary tubes. In this thesis, the effects of the relevant parameters on the flow characteristic of R134a and R-22 flowing through adiabatic helical capillary tubes were experimentally studied. The capillary tubes' diameter, coil diameter, and parameters relating to flow conditions such as inlet pressures and degree of sub cooling were the major parameters investigated. In this thesis, the CFD analysis is to determine the heat transfer rate, pressure drop, velocity, mass flow rate and heat transfer coefficient for the fluids R134A and R-22 with different tube and coil diameters. Thermal analysis is to determine the temperature distribution and heat flux for copper and aluminum as tube materials.3D modeling is done pro-engineer and analysis is done in ANSYS software.
Keywords: finite element analysis, capillary tube, refrigerants, heat transfer rate.