Abstract: Aloe barbadensis Miller (True Aloe or Aloe Vera) is a perennial, succulent plant reaching a height of 80-100 cm. It has thick, fleshy leaves with serrated margins. The two major components in an Aloe Vera leaf are aloe gel(jelly like substance) present in the inner portion of the leaf and the aloe latex(bitter exudates) present just beneath the outer skin of the leaf. Aloe Vera gel has active constituents such as acids, amino acids, lipids, polysaccharides, minerals, enzymes, vitamins, lactates, salicylates and phenolics which are responsible for antiseptic, coagulant, cell growth stimulating, pain inhibiting, scar inhibiting, anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. Aloe latex contains anthraquinones which act as laxatives. Aloe Vera has many topical uses such as relief from burns, wounds, sunburns, insect bites, frost bites, herpes outbreaks, and various skin problems and in preventing scars. Oral uses include oxygenation of blood, removal of oxidative stress, lowering cholesterol and blood sugar, treatment of digestive disorders like ulcers, IBS and crohn’s disease, nourishment of body with vitamins, minerals, amino acids and glyconutrients and relieving constipation. It is also the secret to healthy and flawless skin as it is anti inflammatory and also has moisturizing and cooling effects. It treats minor infections like acne, pigmentation, dryness and redness of the skin. It also helps in promoting natural growth of new hair follicles as well as the existing ones hence strengthening hair growth. Various Aloe Vera beauty products available in the market are Creams, Lotions, Scrubs, sunscreens, moisturizers, baby products dietary Supplements like dietary juices and dietary packs etc. It has some side effects in certain cases so one must consult a physician before using the products.
Keywords: Aloe barbadensis Miller, aloe gel, polysaccharides, anthraquinones.